A place at the table: LTD as a mediator of memory genesis. Emerging data suggest that cell-death pathways in ischemic stroke are sexually dimorphic Reeves et al. Minocycline inhibits poly ADP-ribose polymerase-1 at nanomolar concentrations. This work is motivated by sex differences in the risk of AD, which is substantially higher in women than in men Launer et al.
Finally, this review concludes with some general thoughts about future directions for sex differences research. Unpublished data by Kelsy Ervin seem to rule out the dorsal hippocampus and the basolateral amygdala, both of which are regions implicated in social learning e.
Brittney G. Love this piece. Additional Reading. Oxytocin is a hormone that induces contraction of the uterus and lactation in mammals and is also a characteristic hormone of nursing mothers. Turning a blind eye to how sex and gender affect the brain as a solution to sexist interpretations of data is akin to pretending to not see people of color as a solution to racism.
Neuroscience should take sex differences in the brain more seriously Diseases like Alzheimer's and schizophrenia manifest differently in men and women, and that's important to know. For instance, how will this influence the pay gap?
The aversive films were expected to trip off strong negative emotions and concomitant imprinting in the amygdala, an almond-shaped structure found in each brain hemisphere. Views Read Edit View history. Some argue that we may safely ignore them.
Male mice are preferentially used in basic science experiments. There are behavioral differences between males and females that may suggest a difference in amygdala size or function. Consider the genes Shah has isolated whose activity levels differ significantly in the brains of male and female mice.
Does it actually fix the problem of inequitable research?
The memory-enhancing effects of hippocampal estrogen receptor activation involve metabotropic glutamate receptor signaling. Oxytocin receptor mRNA expression in the ventromedial hypothalamus during the estrous cycle. ERK phosphorylation is also necessary for estradiol to facilitate histone acetylation, an epigenetic process that is essential for estradiol to enhance object recognition memory formation in ovariectomized mice Zhao et al.
Effects of amygdala, hippocampus, and periaqueductal gray lesions on short- and long-term contextual fear.