Inhibition of hair growth by testosterone in the presence of dermal papilla cells from the frontal bald scalp of the postpubertal stumptailed macaque. This is fostered by the continually shortening anagen phase of the hair cycle causing a higher percentage of telogen phase hairs in the crown and forehead region.
Comparative analysis of male androgen responsiveness to social environment in birds: the effects of mating system and paternal incubation. Enzyme names are indicated in green. This can be achieved by establishing an appropriate amount of testosterone or androstenedione conversion into either DHT or estradiol.
The incidence of breast, endometrial and ovarian cancers increase with age, but show a notable slow down in relation to hormones responsible for secondary sex characteristics of chickens in Reading around the time of menopause Pike et al,
In this species, both sexes sing and aggressively defend territories year-round A simplified biosynthesis pathway is briefly described here and shown schematically in Fig. Academic Press. Frequently these secondary sexual characteristics involve the size, shape and color of epithelial appendages, forming the basis for sexual selection Darwin,
Overexpression of a dominant negative type II bone morphogenetic protein receptor inhibits the growth of human breast cancer cells. Circulating sex steroids also fluctuate, generally with high levels during the breeding season and basal or nondetectable levels during other periods of the annual cycle e.
Epidemiology and prevention of breast cancer. Across the annual cycle, circulating DHEA levels are specifically reduced during the molt, when song sparrows show reduced aggressiveness
A number of growth pathways involved in feather morphogenesis have been described. Contour feathers are found on the body while rectrice feathers are found on the tail. We show exemplary data of differences in their growth rate, proliferative cell population and signaling molecule expression.
Sex hormone dependent genetic diseases The development of urogenital organs and external genitalia are essential to carry out reproduction function. Environmental and endocrine control of reproduction in the song sparrow, Melospiza melodia.