Callahan J Abstinence education in state laws. Other factors Data on four possibly confounding factors were included in our analyses. Cited by: 1 article PMID: Among the 48 states in this analysis all U. Encouraging openness and compassion helps both parents and teens keep communication flowing with honesty, according to Granger, and is something all family nurse practitioners can do with their patients.
Ethnic composition For this analysis we focused on the three largest ethnic groups for which data are available: white, black, and Hispanic . Schalet A Must we fear adolescent sexuality? Figure 1. B Education had a significant influence on teen birth, but not on teen pregnancy rates. In addition to the federal and state funds spent on abstinence-only level 3 education, there are other costs associated with the outcomes of failed sex education and family planning.
Matt, G. Literature search and selection criteria. Lexington Books, Lexington, MA. Peersman, G. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. Main article: Abstinence-only sex education.
Accessed , Oct 1. Nevada is also one of only five states with MD in level 0, CO in level 2, and AZ and UT in level 3 that required parental consent for sex education in public schools instead of an opt-out requirement that is present in all the other states  , . It can take years for policies to change, even in the most progressive states.